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Threat Actor

Known or estimated adversary groups targeting organizations and employees. Adversary groups are regularly confused with their initial operation or campaign. threat-actor-classification meta can be used to clarify the understanding of the threat-actor if also considered as operation, campaign or activity group.

Authors
Authors and/or Contributors
Alexandre Dulaunoy
Florian Roth
Thomas Schreck
Timo Steffens
Various

APT1

PLA Unit 61398 (Chinese: 61398部队, Pinyin: 61398 bùduì) is the Military Unit Cover Designator (MUCD)[1] of a People's Liberation Army advanced persistent threat unit that has been alleged to be a source of Chinese computer hacking attacks

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT1.

Known Synonyms
Brown Fox
Byzantine Candor
COMMENT PANDA
Comment Crew
Comment Group
G0006
GIF89a
Group 3
PLA Unit 61398
ShadyRAT
TG-8223
Internal MISP references

UUID 1cb7e1cc-d695-42b1-92f4-fd0112a3c9be which can be used as unique global reference for APT1 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States', 'Taiwan', 'Israel', 'Norway', 'United Arab Emirates', 'United Kingdom', 'Singapore', 'India', 'Belgium', 'South Africa', 'Switzerland', 'Canada', 'France', 'Luxembourg', 'Japan']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector', 'Government']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Nitro

These attackers were the subject of an extensive report by Symantec in 2011, which termed the attackers Nitro and stated: 'The goal of the attackers appears to be to collect intellectual property such as design documents, formulas, and manufacturing processes. In addition, the same attackers appear to have a lengthy operation history including attacks on other industries and organizations. Attacks on the chemical industry are merely their latest attack wave. As part of our investigations, we were also able to identify and contact one of the attackers to try and gain insights into the motivations behind these attacks.' Palo Alto Networks reported on continued activity by the attackers in 2014.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Nitro.

Known Synonyms
Covert Grove
Internal MISP references

UUID 0b06fb39-ed3d-4868-ac42-12fff6df2c80 which can be used as unique global reference for Nitro in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN
targeted-sector ['Chemical']

Dust Storm

Threat actors behind the Operation Dust Storm have been active since at least 2010, the hackers targeted several organizations in Japan, South Korea, the US, Europe, and other Asian countries.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Dust Storm.

Known Synonyms
G0031
Internal MISP references

UUID 9e71024e-817f-45b0-92a0-d886c30bc929 which can be used as unique global reference for Dust Storm in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

WET PANDA

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular WET PANDA.

Known Synonyms
Red Chimera
Internal MISP references

UUID ba8973b2-fd97-4aa7-9307-ea4838d96428 which can be used as unique global reference for WET PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN

FOXY PANDA

Adversary group targeting telecommunication and technology organizations.

Internal MISP references

UUID 41c15f08-a646-49f7-a644-1bebbf7a4dcd which can be used as unique global reference for FOXY PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN
targeted-sector ['Technology', 'Telecoms']

PREDATOR PANDA

Internal MISP references

UUID 1969f622-d64a-4436-9a34-4c47fcb2535f which can be used as unique global reference for PREDATOR PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN

UNION PANDA

Internal MISP references

UUID 7195b51f-500e-4034-a851-bf34a2728dc8 which can be used as unique global reference for UNION PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN

SPICY PANDA

Internal MISP references

UUID 4959652d-72fa-46e4-be20-4ec686409bfb which can be used as unique global reference for SPICY PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN

ELOQUENT PANDA

Internal MISP references

UUID 432b0304-768f-4fb9-9762-e745ef524ec7 which can be used as unique global reference for ELOQUENT PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN

DIZZY PANDA

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular DIZZY PANDA.

Known Synonyms
LadyBoyle
Internal MISP references

UUID 8a8f39df-74b3-4946-ab64-f84968bababe which can be used as unique global reference for DIZZY PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

Associated metadata
Metadata key Value

Grayling

Grayling activity was first observed in early 2023, when a number of victims were identified with distinctive malicious DLL side-loading activity. Grayling appears to target organisations in Asia, however one unknown organisation in the United States was also targeted. Industries targeted include Biomedical, Government and Information Technology. Grayling use a variety of tools during their attacks, including well known tools such as Cobalt Strike and Havoc and also some others.

Internal MISP references

UUID 6714de29-4dd8-463c-99a3-77c9e80fa47d which can be used as unique global reference for Grayling in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['Taiwan', 'United States', 'Vietnam', 'Solomon Islands']
cfr-target-category ['Biomedical', 'Government', 'Information technology']
country CN

APT2

Putter Panda were the subject of an extensive report by CrowdStrike, which stated: 'The CrowdStrike Intelligence team has been tracking this particular unit since2012, under the codename PUTTER PANDA, and has documented activity dating back to 2007. The report identifies Chen Ping, aka cpyy, and the primary location of Unit 61486.'

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT2.

Known Synonyms
4HCrew
G0024
MSUpdater
PLA Unit 61486
PUTTER PANDA
SULPHUR
SearchFire
TG-6952
Internal MISP references

UUID 0ca45163-e223-4167-b1af-f088ed14a93d which can be used as unique global reference for APT2 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['U.S. satellite and aerospace sector']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector', 'Government']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

APT3

Symantec described UPS in 2016 report as: 'Buckeye (also known as APT3, Gothic Panda, UPS Team, and TG-0110) is a cyberespionage group that is believed to have been operating for well over half a decade. Traditionally, the group attacked organizations in the US as well as other targets. However, Buckeyes focus appears to have changed as of June 2015, when the group began compromising political entities in Hong Kong.'

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT3.

Known Synonyms
BORON
BRONZE MAYFAIR
Boyusec
Buckeye
GOTHIC PANDA
Group 6
Red Sylvan
TG-0110
UPS
Internal MISP references

UUID d144c83e-2302-4947-9e24-856fbf7949ae which can be used as unique global reference for APT3 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States', 'United Kingdom', 'Hong Kong']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
targeted-sector ['Political party']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

DarkHotel

Kaspersky described DarkHotel in a 2014 report as: '... DarkHotel drives its campaigns by spear-phishing targets with highly advanced Flash zero-day exploits that effectively evade the latest Windows and Adobe defenses, and yet they also imprecisely spread among large numbers of vague targets with peer-to-peer spreading tactics. Moreover, this crews most unusual characteristic is that for several years the Darkhotel APT has maintained a capability to use hotel networks to follow and hit selected targets as they travel around the world.'

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular DarkHotel.

Known Synonyms
APT-C-06
ATK52
DUBNIUM
Fallout Team
G0012
Karba
Luder
Nemim
Nemin
Pioneer
SIG25
Shadow Crane
T-APT-02
TUNGSTEN BRIDGE
Tapaoux
Zigzag Hail
Internal MISP references

UUID b8c8b96d-61e6-47b1-8e38-fd8ad5d9854d which can be used as unique global reference for DarkHotel in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Korea (Republic of)
cfr-suspected-victims ['Japan', 'Russia', 'Taiwan', 'South Korea', 'China']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country KR
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

APT12

A group of China-based attackers, who conducted a number of spear phishing attacks in 2013.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT12.

Known Synonyms
BRONZE GLOBE
BeeBus
Calc Team
Crimson Iron
DNSCalc
DynCalc
Group 22
IXESHE
NUMBERED PANDA
TG-2754
Internal MISP references

UUID 48146604-6693-4db1-bd94-159744726514 which can be used as unique global reference for APT12 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['Taiwan', 'Japan']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector', 'Government']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

APT16

Between November 26, 2015, and December 1, 2015, known and suspected China-based APT groups launched several spear-phishing attacks targeting Japanese and Taiwanese organizations in the high-tech, government services, media and financial services industries. Each campaign delivered a malicious Microsoft Word document exploiting the aforementioned EPS dict copy use-after-free vulnerability, and the local Windows privilege escalation vulnerability CVE-2015-1701. The successful exploitation of both vulnerabilities led to the delivery of either a downloader that we refer to as IRONHALO, or a backdoor that we refer to as ELMER.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT16.

Known Synonyms
G0023
SVCMONDR
Internal MISP references

UUID 1f73e14f-b882-4032-a565-26dc653b0daf which can be used as unique global reference for APT16 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['Japan', 'Taiwan']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN

APT17

FireEye described APT17 in a 2015 report as: 'APT17, also known as DeputyDog, is a China based threat group that FireEye Intelligence has observed conducting network intrusions against U.S. government entities, the defense industry, law firms, information technology companies, mining companies, and non-government organizations.'

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT17.

Known Synonyms
AURORA PANDA
Axiom
BRONZE KEYSTONE
Dogfish
G0001
G0025
Group 72
Group 8
HELIUM
Hidden Lynx
Tailgater Team
Internal MISP references

UUID 99e30d89-9361-4b73-a999-9e5ff9320bcb which can be used as unique global reference for APT17 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States', 'Netherlands', 'Italy', 'Japan', 'United Kingdom', 'Belgium', 'Russia', 'Indonesia', 'Germany', 'Switzerland', 'China']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Private sector', 'Civil society']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
targeted-sector ['Defense', 'Intelligence', 'Technology', 'Mining', 'Government, Administration', 'Justice']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

APT18

Wekby was described by Palo Alto Networks in a 2015 report as: 'Wekby is a group that has been active for a number of years, targeting various industries such as healthcare, telecommunications, aerospace, defense, and high tech. The group is known to leverage recently released exploits very shortly after those exploits are available, such as in the case of HackingTeams Flash zero - day exploit.'

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT18.

Known Synonyms
DYNAMITE PANDA
G0026
PLA Navy
SCANDIUM
TG-0416
Wekby
Internal MISP references

UUID 9a683d9c-8f7d-43df-bba2-ad0ca71e277c which can be used as unique global reference for APT18 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Private sector', 'Civil society']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
targeted-sector ['Aerospace', 'Defense', 'Health', 'High tech', 'Telecoms']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

APT19

Adversary group targeting financial, technology, non-profit organisations.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT19.

Known Synonyms
BRONZE FIRESTONE
Black Vine
Codoso
DEEP PANDA
G0009
G0073
Group 13
KungFu Kittens
PinkPanther
Pupa
Shell Crew
Sunshop Group
TEMP.Avengers
WebMasters
Internal MISP references

UUID 066d25c1-71bd-4bd4-8ca7-edbba00063f4 which can be used as unique global reference for APT19 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector', 'Military']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
targeted-sector ['Technology', 'Finance', 'Non-profit organisation']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Naikon

Kaspersky described Naikon in a 2015 report as: 'The Naikon group is mostly active in countries such as the Philippines, Malaysia, Cambodia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Myanmar, Singapore, and Nepal, hitting a variety of targets in a very opportunistic way.'

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Naikon.

Known Synonyms
BRONZE GENEVA
BRONZE STERLING
Camerashy
G0013
G0019
Naikon
OVERRIDE PANDA
PLA Unit 78020
Internal MISP references

UUID 2f1fd017-9df6-4759-91fb-e7039609b5ff which can be used as unique global reference for Naikon in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['India', 'Saudi Arabia', 'Vietnam', 'Myanmar', 'Singapore', 'Thailand', 'Malaysia', 'Cambodia', 'China', 'Philippines', 'South Korea', 'United States', 'Indonesia', 'Laos']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Private sector']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

APT30

APT30 is a threat group suspected to be associated with the Chinese government. While Naikon shares some characteristics with APT30, the two groups do not appear to be exact matches

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT30.

Known Synonyms
G0013
Internal MISP references

UUID d3881afe-f781-4c53-9f68-33487a119a59 which can be used as unique global reference for APT30 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States', 'South Korea', 'Saudi Arabia', 'Thailand', 'Vietnam', 'Malaysia', 'India']
cfr-target-category ['Government']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

LOTUS PANDA

Lotus Blossom is a threat group that has targeted government and military organizations in Southeast Asia.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular LOTUS PANDA.

Known Synonyms
ATK1
BRONZE ELGIN
DRAGONFISH
G0030
Lotus BLossom
Red Salamander
ST Group
Spring Dragon
Internal MISP references

UUID 32fafa69-fe3c-49db-afd4-aac2664bcf0d which can be used as unique global reference for LOTUS PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['Japan', 'Philippines', 'Hong Kong', 'Indonesia', 'Taiwan', 'Vietnam']
cfr-target-category ['Military', 'Government']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
targeted-sector ['Military', 'Government, Administration']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

HURRICANE PANDA

We have investigated their intrusions since 2013 and have been battling them nonstop over the last year at several large telecommunications and technology companies. The determination of this China-based adversary is truly impressive: they are like a dog with a bone. HURRICANE PANDA's preferred initial vector of compromise and persistence is a China Chopper webshell – a tiny and easily obfuscated 70 byte text file that consists of an ‘eval()’ command, which is then used to provide full command execution and file upload/download capabilities to the attackers. This script is typically uploaded to a web server via a SQL injection or WebDAV vulnerability, which is often trivial to uncover in a company with a large external web presence. Once inside, the adversary immediately moves on to execution of a credential theft tool such as Mimikatz (repacked to avoid AV detection). If they are lucky to have caught an administrator who might be logged into that web server at the time, they will have gained domain administrator credentials and can now roam your network at will via ‘net use’ and ‘wmic’ commands executed through the webshell terminal.

Internal MISP references

UUID 0286e80e-b0ed-464f-ad62-beec8536d0cb which can be used as unique global reference for HURRICANE PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN
targeted-sector ['Technology', 'Telecoms']

APT27

A China-based actor that targets foreign embassies to collect data on government, defence, and technology sectors.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT27.

Known Synonyms
BRONZE UNION
Budworm
EMISSARY PANDA
Earth Smilodon
G0027
GreedyTaotie
Group 35
Iron Taurus
Iron Tiger
Lucky Mouse
Red Phoenix
TEMP.Hippo
TG-3390
ZipToken
Internal MISP references

UUID 834e0acd-d92a-4e38-bb14-dc4159d7cb32 which can be used as unique global reference for APT27 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Unknown
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States', 'United Kingdom', 'France', 'Japan', 'Taiwan', 'India', 'Canada', 'China', 'Thailand', 'Israel', 'Australia', 'Republic of Korea', 'Russia', 'Iran', 'Turkey']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Private sector']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
targeted-sector ['Technology', 'Government, Administration', 'Defense']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

APT10

menuPass is a threat group that has been active since at least 2006. Individual members of menuPass are known to have acted in association with the Chinese Ministry of State Security's (MSS) Tianjin State Security Bureau and worked for the Huaying Haitai Science and Technology Development Company.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT10.

Known Synonyms
ATK41
BRONZE RIVERSIDE
CVNX
Cloud Hopper
G0045
Granite Taurus
HOGFISH
Menupass Team
POTASSIUM
Red Apollo
STONE PANDAD
TA429
happyyongzi
Internal MISP references

UUID 56b37b05-72e7-4a89-ba8a-61ce45269a8c which can be used as unique global reference for APT10 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['Japan', 'India', 'South Africa', 'South Korea', 'Sweden', 'United States', 'Canada', 'Australia', 'France', 'Finland', 'United Kingdom', 'Brazil', 'Thailand', 'Switzerland', 'Norway']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector', 'Government']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Hellsing

This threat actor uses spear-phishing techniques to compromise diplomatic targets in Southeast Asia, India, and the United States. It also seems to have targeted the APT 30. Possibly uses the same infrastructure as Mirage

Internal MISP references

UUID af482dde-9e47-48d5-9cb2-cf8f6d6303d3 which can be used as unique global reference for Hellsing in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['Malaysia', 'Indonesia', 'Philippines', 'United States', 'India']
cfr-target-category ['Government']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
targeted-sector ['Infrastructure', 'Diplomacy']

Night Dragon

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Night Dragon.

Known Synonyms
G0014
Internal MISP references

UUID b3714d59-b61e-4713-903a-9b4f04ae7f3d which can be used as unique global reference for Night Dragon in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

APT15

This threat actor uses phishing techniques to compromise the networks of foreign ministries of European countries for espionage purposes.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT15.

Known Synonyms
BRONZE DAVENPORT
BRONZE IDLEWOOD
BRONZE PALACE
G0004
Ke3Chang
Lurid
Metushy
Mirage
NICKEL
Nylon Typhoon
Playful Dragon
Red Vulture
Royal APT
Social Network Team
VIXEN PANDA
Internal MISP references

UUID 3501fbf2-098f-47e7-be6a-6b0ff5742ce8 which can be used as unique global reference for APT15 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['European Union', 'India', 'United Kingdom', 'Germany']
cfr-target-category ['Government']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
targeted-sector ['Government, Administration']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

APT14

PLA Navy Anchor Panda is an adversary that CrowdStrike has tracked extensively over the last year targeting both civilian and military maritime operations in the green/brown water regions primarily in the area of operations of the South Sea Fleet of the PLA Navy. In addition to maritime operations in this region, Anchor Panda also heavily targeted western companies in the US, Germany, Sweden, the UK, and Australia, and other countries involved in maritime satellite systems, aerospace companies, and defense contractors. Not surprisingly, embassies and diplomatic missions in the region, foreign intelligence services, and foreign governments with space programs were also targeted.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT14.

Known Synonyms
ALUMINUM
ANCHOR PANDA
QAZTeam
Internal MISP references

UUID c82c904f-b3b4-40a2-bf0d-008912953104 which can be used as unique global reference for APT14 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States', 'United Kingdom', 'Germany', 'Australia', 'Sweden']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Military']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
motive Espionage
targeted-sector ['Other', 'Aerospace', 'Defense', 'Intelligence', 'Maritime', 'Military', 'Space']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

APT21

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT21.

Known Synonyms
HAMMER PANDA
NetTraveler
TEMP.Zhenbao
Internal MISP references

UUID b80f4788-ccb2-466d-ae16-b397159d907e which can be used as unique global reference for APT21 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['Mongolia', 'Kazakhstan', 'Tajikistan', 'Germany', 'United Kingdom', 'India', 'Kyrgyzstan', 'South Korea', 'United States', 'Chile', 'Russia', 'China', 'Spain', 'Canada', 'Morocco']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Military']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN

DAGGER PANDA

Operate since at least 2011, from several locations in China, with members in Korea and Japan as well. Possibly linked to Onion Dog. This threat actor targets government institutions, military contractors, maritime and shipbuilding groups, telecommunications operators, and others, primarily in Japan and South Korea.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular DAGGER PANDA.

Known Synonyms
IceFog
PLA Unit 69010
Red Wendigo
RedFoxtrot
Trident
Internal MISP references

UUID 32c534b9-abec-4823-b223-a810f897b47b which can be used as unique global reference for DAGGER PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['South Korea', 'United States', 'Japan', 'Germany', 'China']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Military']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
targeted-sector ['Other', 'Maritime', 'Military', 'Government, Administration', 'Telecoms']

APT24

The Pitty Tiger group has been active since at least 2011. They have been seen using HeartBleed vulnerability in order to directly get valid credentials

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT24.

Known Synonyms
G0011
PITTY PANDA
Temp.Pittytiger
Internal MISP references

UUID 4d37813c-b8e9-4e58-a758-03168d8aa189 which can be used as unique global reference for APT24 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Roaming Tiger

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Roaming Tiger.

Known Synonyms
BRONZE WOODLAND
Rotten Tomato
Internal MISP references

UUID 1fb177c1-472a-4147-b7c4-b5269b11703d which can be used as unique global reference for Roaming Tiger in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value

Beijing Group

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Beijing Group.

Known Synonyms
Elderwood
Elderwood Gang
G0066
SIG22
SNEAKY PANDA
Internal MISP references

UUID da754aeb-a86d-4874-b388-d1d2028a56be which can be used as unique global reference for Beijing Group in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States', 'Canada', 'United Kingdom', 'Switzerland', 'Hong Kong', 'Australia', 'India', 'Taiwan', 'China', 'Denmark']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector', 'Civil society']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

RADIO PANDA

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular RADIO PANDA.

Known Synonyms
Shrouded Crossbow
Internal MISP references

UUID c92d7d31-cfd9-4309-b6c4-b7eb1e85fa7e which can be used as unique global reference for RADIO PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN

APT.3102

Internal MISP references

UUID f33fd440-93ee-41e5-974a-be9343e18cdf which can be used as unique global reference for APT.3102 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN

SAMURAI PANDA

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular SAMURAI PANDA.

Known Synonyms
PLA Navy
Wisp Team
Internal MISP references

UUID 2fb07fa4-0d7f-43c7-8ff4-b28404313fe7 which can be used as unique global reference for SAMURAI PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States', 'United Kingdom', 'Hong Kong']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector', 'Military']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

IMPERSONATING PANDA

Internal MISP references

UUID b56ecbda-6b2a-4aa9-b592-d9a0bc810ec1 which can be used as unique global reference for IMPERSONATING PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN

APT20

We’ve uncovered some new data and likely attribution regarding a series of APT watering hole attacks this past summer. Watering hole attacks are an increasingly popular component of APT campaigns, as many people are more aware of spear phishing and are less likely to open documents or click on links in unsolicited emails. Watering hole attacks offer a much better chance of success because they involve compromising legitimate websites and installing malware intended to compromise website visitors. These are often popular websites frequented by people who work in specific industries or have political sympathies to which the actors want to gain access. In contrast to many other APT campaigns, which tend to rely heavily on spear phishing to gain victims, “th3bug” is known for compromising legitimate websites their intended visitors are likely to frequent. Over the summer they compromised several sites, including a well-known Uyghur website written in that native language.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT20.

Known Synonyms
Crawling Taurus
TH3Bug
VIOLIN PANDA
Internal MISP references

UUID 8bcd855f-a4c1-453a-bede-ff36582f4f40 which can be used as unique global reference for APT20 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN

TOXIC PANDA

A group targeting dissident groups in China and at the boundaries.

Internal MISP references

UUID 1514546d-f6ea-4af3-bbea-24d6fd9e6761 which can be used as unique global reference for TOXIC PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN

TEMPER PANDA

China-based cyber threat group. It has previously used newsworthy events as lures to deliver malware and has primarily targeted organizations involved in financial, economic, and trade policy, typically using publicly available RATs such as PoisonIvy, as well as some non-public backdoors. This threat actor targets prodemocratic activists and organizations in Hong Kong, European and international financial institutions, and a U.S.-based think tank.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular TEMPER PANDA.

Known Synonyms
Admin338
G0018
MAGNESIUM
Team338
admin@338
Internal MISP references

UUID ac4bce1f-b3ec-4c44-bd36-b6cc986b319b which can be used as unique global reference for TEMPER PANDA in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['Hong Kong', 'United States']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Private sector', 'Civil society']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
targeted-sector ['Activists', 'Trade', 'Finance', 'Political party']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

APT23

TrendMicro described Tropic Trooper in a 2015 report as: 'Taiwan and the Philippines have become the targets of an ongoing campaign called Operation TropicTrooper. Active since 2012, the attackers behind the campaign haveset their sights on the Taiwanese government as well as a number of companies in the heavy industry. The same campaign has also targeted key Philippine military agencies.'

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT23.

Known Synonyms
BRONZE HOBART
Earth Centaur
G0081
KeyBoy
PIRATE PANDA
Red Orthrus
Tropic Trooper
Internal MISP references

UUID 7f16d1f5-04ee-4d99-abf0-87e1f23f9fee which can be used as unique global reference for APT23 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN
targeted-sector ['Military', 'Government, Administration']

Flying Kitten

Activity: defense and aerospace sectors, also interested in targeting entities in the oil/gas industry.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Flying Kitten.

Known Synonyms
Ajax Security Team
AjaxSecurityTeam
Group 26
Saffron Rose
SaffronRose
Sayad
Internal MISP references

UUID ba724df5-9aa0-45ca-8e0e-7101c208ae48 which can be used as unique global reference for Flying Kitten in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Iran (Islamic Republic of)
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States', 'Iranian internet activists']
cfr-target-category ['Military', 'Civil society']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country IR
targeted-sector ['Aerospace', 'Defense', 'Gas', 'Oil']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Cutting Kitten

One of the threat actors responsible for the denial of service attacks against U.S in 2012–2013. Three individuals associated with the group—believed to be have been working on behalf of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps—were indicted by the Justice Department in 2016.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Cutting Kitten.

Known Synonyms
ITsecTeam
Internal MISP references

UUID 11e17436-6ede-4733-8547-4ce0254ea19e which can be used as unique global reference for Cutting Kitten in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Iran (Islamic Republic of)
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States', 'Bank of America', 'US Bancorp', 'Fifth Third Bank', 'Citigroup', 'PNC', 'BB&T', 'Wells Fargo', 'Capital One', 'HSBC', 'AT&T', 'NYSE']
cfr-type-of-incident ['Denial of service']
country IR

Charming Kitten

Charming Kitten (aka Parastoo, aka Newscaster) is an group with a suspected nexus to Iran that targets organizations involved in government, defense technology, military, and diplomacy sectors.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Charming Kitten.

Known Synonyms
CharmingCypress
G0058
Group 83
NewsBeef
Newscaster
Parastoo
iKittens
Internal MISP references

UUID f98bac6b-12fd-4cad-be84-c84666932232 which can be used as unique global reference for Charming Kitten in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Iran (Islamic Republic of)
cfr-suspected-victims ['U.S. government/defense sector websites', 'Saudi Arabia', 'Israel', 'Iraq', 'United Kingdom']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Military']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country IR
targeted-sector ['Defense', 'Diplomacy', 'Military', 'Technology', 'Government, Administration']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

APT33

Our analysis reveals that APT33 is a capable group that has carried out cyber espionage operations since at least 2013. We assess APT33 works at the behest of the Iranian government.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT33.

Known Synonyms
APT 33
ATK35
COBALT TRINITY
Elfin
G0064
HOLMIUM
MAGNALLIUM
Peach Sandstorm
Refined Kitten
TA451
Internal MISP references

UUID 4f69ec6d-cb6b-42af-b8e2-920a2aa4be10 which can be used as unique global reference for APT33 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
capabilities STONEDRILL wiper, variants of TURNEDUP malware
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Iran (Islamic Republic of)
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States', 'Saudi Arabia', 'South Korea']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country IR
mode-of-operation IT network limited, information gathering against industrial orgs
victimology Petrochemical, Aerospace, Saudi Arabia
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Magic Kitten

Earliest activity back to November 2008. An established group of cyber attackers based in Iran, who carried on several campaigns in 2013, including a series of attacks targeting political dissidents and those supporting Iranian political opposition.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Magic Kitten.

Known Synonyms
Group 42
VOYEUR
Internal MISP references

UUID 2e77511d-f72f-409e-9b64-e2a15efe9bf4 which can be used as unique global reference for Magic Kitten in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country IR
targeted-sector ['Opposition', 'Dissidents', 'Political party']

Rocket Kitten

Targets Saudi Arabia, Israel, US, Iran, high ranking defense officials, embassies of various target countries, notable Iran researchers, human rights activists, media and journalists, academic institutions and various scholars, including scientists in the fields of physics and nuclear sciences.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Rocket Kitten.

Known Synonyms
Operation Woolen Goldfish
Operation Woolen-Goldfish
TEMP.Beanie
Thamar Reservoir
Timberworm
Internal MISP references

UUID f873db71-3d53-41d5-b141-530675ade27a which can be used as unique global reference for Rocket Kitten in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Iran (Islamic Republic of)
cfr-suspected-victims ['Saudi Arabia', 'Venezuela', 'Afghanistan', 'United Arab Emirates', 'Iran', 'Israel', 'Iraq', 'Kuwait', 'Turkey', 'Canada', 'Yemen', 'United Kingdom', 'Egypt', 'Syria', 'Jordan']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Military']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country IR
targeted-sector ['Activists', 'Defense', 'Journalist', 'Research - Innovation', 'Academia - University', 'Government, Administration']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Cleaver

A group of cyber actors utilizing infrastructure located in Iran have been conducting computer network exploitation activity against public and private U.S. organizations, including Cleared Defense Contractors (CDCs), academic institutions, and energy sector companies. This threat actor targets entities in the government, energy, and technology sectors that are located in or do business with Saudi Arabia.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Cleaver.

Known Synonyms
Alibaba
Cobalt Gypsy
G0003
Op Cleaver
Operation Cleaver
TG-2889
Tarh Andishan
Internal MISP references

UUID 86724806-7ec9-4a48-a0a7-ecbde3bf4810 which can be used as unique global reference for Cleaver in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Iran (Islamic Republic of)
cfr-suspected-victims ['Canada', 'France', 'Israel', 'Mexico', 'Saudi Arabia', 'China', 'Germany', 'United States', 'Pakistan', 'South Korea', 'United Kingdom', 'India', 'Kuwait', 'Qatar', 'Turkey']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector', 'Government']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country IR
targeted-sector ['Defense', 'Energy', 'Technology', 'Government, Administration', 'Academia - University']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Sands Casino

Internal MISP references

UUID 1de1a64e-ea14-4e79-9e41-6958bdb6c0ff which can be used as unique global reference for Sands Casino in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country IR

Rebel Jackal

This is a pro-Islamist organization that generally conducts attacks motivated by real world events in which its members believe that members of the Muslim faith were wronged. Its attacks generally involve website defacements; however, the group did develop a RAT that it refers to as Fallaga RAT, but which appears to simply be a fork of the njRAT malware popular amongst hackers in the Middle East/North Africa region.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Rebel Jackal.

Known Synonyms
FallagaTeam
Internal MISP references

UUID 29af2812-f7fb-4edb-8cc4-86d0d9e3644b which can be used as unique global reference for Rebel Jackal in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country TN
motive Hacktivists-Nationalists

Viking Jackal

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Viking Jackal.

Known Synonyms
Vikingdom
Internal MISP references

UUID 7f99ba32-421c-4905-9deb-006e8eda40c1 which can be used as unique global reference for Viking Jackal in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country AE

APT28

The Sofacy Group (also known as APT28, Pawn Storm, Fancy Bear and Sednit) is a cyber espionage group believed to have ties to the Russian government. Likely operating since 2007, the group is known to target government, military, and security organizations. It has been characterized as an advanced persistent threat.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT28.

Known Synonyms
APT-C-20
ATK5
Blue Athena
FANCY BEAR
FROZENLAKE
Fighting Ursa
Forest Blizzard
G0007
Grizzly Steppe
Group 74
IRON TWILIGHT
ITG05
Pawn Storm
SIG40
SNAKEMACKEREL
STRONTIUM
Sednit
Sofacy
Swallowtail
T-APT-12
TA422
TG-4127
Tsar Team
UAC-0028
Internal MISP references

UUID 5b4ee3ea-eee3-4c8e-8323-85ae32658754 which can be used as unique global reference for APT28 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Russian Federation
cfr-suspected-victims ['Georgia', 'France', 'Jordan', 'United States', 'Hungary', 'World Anti-Doping Agency', 'Armenia', 'Tajikistan', 'Japan', 'NATO', 'Ukraine', 'Belgium', 'Pakistan', 'Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation', 'International Association of Athletics Federations', 'Turkey', 'Mongolia', 'OSCE', 'United Kingdom', 'Germany', 'Poland', 'European Commission', 'Afghanistan', 'Kazakhstan', 'China']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Military']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country RU
targeted-sector ['Military', 'Government, Administration', 'Security Service']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

APT29

A 2015 report by F-Secure describe APT29 as: 'The Dukes are a well-resourced, highly dedicated and organized cyberespionage group that we believe has been working for the Russian Federation since at least 2008 to collect intelligence in support of foreign and security policy decision-making. The Dukes show unusual confidence in their ability to continue successfully compromising their targets, as well as in their ability to operate with impunity. The Dukes primarily target Western governments and related organizations, such as government ministries and agencies, political think tanks, and governmental subcontractors. Their targets have also included the governments of members of the Commonwealth of Independent States;Asian, African, and Middle Eastern governments;organizations associated with Chechen extremism;and Russian speakers engaged in the illicit trade of controlled substances and drugs. The Dukes are known to employ a vast arsenal of malware toolsets, which we identify as MiniDuke, CosmicDuke, OnionDuke, CozyDuke, CloudDuke, SeaDuke, HammerDuke, PinchDuke, and GeminiDuke. In recent years, the Dukes have engaged in apparently biannual large - scale spear - phishing campaigns against hundreds or even thousands of recipients associated with governmental institutions and affiliated organizations. These campaigns utilize a smash - and - grab approach involving a fast but noisy breakin followed by the rapid collection and exfiltration of as much data as possible.If the compromised target is discovered to be of value, the Dukes will quickly switch the toolset used and move to using stealthier tactics focused on persistent compromise and long - term intelligence gathering. This threat actor targets government ministries and agencies in the West, Central Asia, East Africa, and the Middle East; Chechen extremist groups; Russian organized crime; and think tanks. It is suspected to be behind the 2015 compromise of unclassified networks at the White House, Department of State, Pentagon, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The threat actor includes all of the Dukes tool sets, including MiniDuke, CosmicDuke, OnionDuke, CozyDuke, SeaDuke, CloudDuke (aka MiniDionis), and HammerDuke (aka Hammertoss). '

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT29.

Known Synonyms
ATK7
Blue Kitsune
BlueBravo
COZY BEAR
Cloaked Ursa
G0016
Grizzly Steppe
Group 100
IRON HEMLOCK
ITG11
Minidionis
Nobelium
SeaDuke
TA421
The Dukes
UAC-0029
YTTRIUM
Internal MISP references

UUID b2056ff0-00b9-482e-b11c-c771daa5f28a which can be used as unique global reference for APT29 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Russian Federation
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States', 'China', 'New Zealand', 'Ukraine', 'Romania', 'Georgia', 'Japan', 'South Korea', 'Belgium', 'Kazakhstan', 'Brazil', 'Mexico', 'Turkey', 'Portugal', 'India', 'Germany']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Private sector']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country RU
targeted-sector ['Think Tanks', 'Government, Administration']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Turla

A 2014 Guardian article described Turla as: 'Dubbed the Turla hackers, initial intelligence had indicated western powers were key targets, but it was later determined embassies for Eastern Bloc nations were of more interest. Embassies in Belgium, Ukraine, China, Jordan, Greece, Kazakhstan, Armenia, Poland, and Germany were all attacked, though researchers from Kaspersky Lab and Symantec could not confirm which countries were the true targets. In one case from May 2012, the office of the prime minister of a former Soviet Union member country was infected, leading to 60 further computers being affected, Symantec researchers said. There were some other victims, including the ministry for health of a Western European country, the ministry for education of a Central American country, a state electricity provider in the Middle East and a medical organisation in the US, according to Symantec. It is believed the group was also responsible for a much - documented 2008 attack on the US Central Command. The attackers - who continue to operate - have ostensibly sought to carry out surveillance on targets and pilfer data, though their use of encryption across their networks has made it difficult to ascertain exactly what the hackers took.Kaspersky Lab, however, picked up a number of the attackers searches through their victims emails, which included terms such as Nato and EU energy dialogue Though attribution is difficult to substantiate, Russia has previously been suspected of carrying out the attacks and Symantecs Gavin O’ Gorman told the Guardian a number of the hackers appeared to be using Russian names and language in their notes for their malicious code. Cyrillic was also seen in use.'

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Turla.

Known Synonyms
ATK13
Blue Python
G0010
Group 88
Hippo Team
IRON HUNTER
ITG12
KRYPTON
MAKERSMARK
Pacifier APT
Pfinet
Popeye
SIG23
SUMMIT
Secret Blizzard
Snake
TAG_0530
UAC-0003
UAC-0024
UAC-0144
UNC4210
Uroburos
VENOMOUS Bear
WRAITH
Waterbug
Internal MISP references

UUID fa80877c-f509-4daf-8b62-20aba1635f68 which can be used as unique global reference for Turla in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Russian Federation
cfr-suspected-victims ['France', 'Romania', 'Kazakhstan', 'Poland', 'Tajikistan', 'Russia', 'United States', 'Saudi Arabia', 'Germany', 'India', 'Belarus', 'Netherlands', 'Iran', 'Uzbekistan', 'Iraq']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Military']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country RU
targeted-sector ['Government, Administration', 'Education', 'Electric', 'Energy', 'Health']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

ENERGETIC BEAR

A Russian group that collects intelligence on the energy industry.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular ENERGETIC BEAR.

Known Synonyms
ALLANITE
ATK6
BERSERK BEAR
BROMINE
Blue Kraken
CASTLE
Crouching Yeti
DYMALLOY
Dragonfly
G0035
Ghost Blizzard
Group 24
Havex
IRON LIBERTY
ITG15
Koala Team
TG-4192
Internal MISP references

UUID 64d6559c-6d5c-4585-bbf9-c17868f763ee which can be used as unique global reference for ENERGETIC BEAR in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 75
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Russian Federation
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States', 'Germany', 'Turkey', 'China', 'Spain', 'France', 'Ireland', 'Japan', 'Italy', 'Poland']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector', 'Government']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country RU
targeted-sector ['Energy']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Sandworm

This threat actor targets industrial control systems, using a tool called Black Energy, associated with electricity and power generation for espionage, denial of service, and data destruction purposes. Some believe that the threat actor is linked to the 2015 compromise of the Ukrainian electrical grid and a distributed denial of service prior to the Russian invasion of Georgia. Believed to be responsible for the 2008 DDoS attacks in Georgia and the 2015 Ukraine power grid outage

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Sandworm.

Known Synonyms
Blue Echidna
ELECTRUM
FROZENBARENTS
G0034
IRIDIUM
IRON VIKING
Quedagh
Seashell Blizzard
TEMP.Noble
TeleBots
UAC-0082
UAC-0113
VOODOO BEAR
Internal MISP references

UUID f512de42-f76b-40d2-9923-59e7dbdfec35 which can be used as unique global reference for Sandworm in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Russian Federation
cfr-suspected-victims ['Russia', 'Lithuania', 'Kyrgyzstan', 'Israel', 'Ukraine', 'Belarus', 'Kazakhstan', 'Georgia', 'Poland', 'Azerbaijan', 'Iran']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector', 'Government']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country RU
targeted-sector ['Electric', 'Energy', 'Industrial']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

FIN7

Groups targeting financial organizations or people with significant financial assets.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular FIN7.

Known Synonyms
ATK32
CARBON SPIDER
Calcium
Carbanak
Carbon Spider
Coreid
ELBRUS
G0008
G0046
GOLD NIAGARA
Sangria Tempest
Internal MISP references

UUID 00220228-a5a4-4032-a30d-826bb55aa3fb which can be used as unique global reference for FIN7 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country RU
motive Cybercrime
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

TeamSpy Crew

Researchers have uncovered a long-term cyber-espionage campaign that used a combination of legitimate software packages and commodity malware tools to target a variety of heavy industry, government intelligence agencies and political activists. Known as the TeamSpy crew because of its affinity for using the legitimate TeamViewer application as part of its toolset, the attackers may have been active for as long as 10 years, researchers say. The attack appears to be a years-long espionage campaign, but experts who have analyzed the victim profile, malware components and command-and-control infrastructure say that it’s not entirely clear what kind of data the attackers are going after. What is clear, though, is that the attackers have been at this for a long time and that they have specific people in mind as targets. Researchers at the CrySyS Lab in Hungary were alerted by the Hungarian National Security Authority to an attack against a high-profile target in the country and began looking into the campaign. They quickly discovered that some of the infrastructure being used in the attack had been in use for some time and that the target they were investigating was by no means the only one.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular TeamSpy Crew.

Known Synonyms
Anger Bear
IRON LYRIC
Team Bear
TeamSpy
Internal MISP references

UUID 82c1c7fa-c67b-4be6-9be8-8aa400ef2445 which can be used as unique global reference for TeamSpy Crew in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Russian Federation
cfr-suspected-victims ['Hungary', 'Belarus']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Private sector']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country RU
targeted-sector ['Activists', 'Intelligence', 'Government, Administration']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

BuhTrap

Buhtrap has been active since 2014, however their first attacks against financial institutions were only detected in August 2015. Earlier, the group had only focused on targeting banking clients. At the moment, the group is known to target Russian and Ukrainian banks. From August 2015 to February 2016 Buhtrap managed to conduct 13 successful attacks against Russian banks for a total amount of 1.8 billion rubles ($25.7 mln). The number of successful attacks against Ukrainian banks has not been identified. Buhtrap is the first hacker group using a network worm to infect the overall bank infrastructure that significantly increases the difficulty of removing all malicious functions from the network. As a result, banks have to shut down the whole infrastructure which provokes delay in servicing customers and additional losses. Malicious programs intentionally scan for machines with an automated Bank-Customer system of the Central Bank of Russia (further referred to as BCS CBR). We have not identified incidents of attacks involving online money transfer systems, ATM machines or payment gates which are known to be of interest for other criminal groups.

Internal MISP references

UUID b737c51f-b579-49d5-a907-743b2e6d03cb which can be used as unique global reference for BuhTrap in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country RU
targeted-sector ['Bank', 'Payment', 'Finance']

WOLF SPIDER

FIN4 is a financially-motivated threat group that has targeted confidential information related to the public financial market, particularly regarding healthcare and pharmaceutical companies, since at least 2013. FIN4 is unique in that they do not infect victims with typical persistent malware, but rather they focus on capturing credentials authorized to access email and other non-public correspondence.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular WOLF SPIDER.

Known Synonyms
FIN4
G0085
Internal MISP references

UUID ff449346-aa9f-45f6-b482-71e886a5cf57 which can be used as unique global reference for WOLF SPIDER in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country RO
targeted-sector ['Health', 'Finance', 'Pharmacy']

Boulder Bear

First observed activity in December 2013.

Internal MISP references

UUID 85b40169-3d1c-491b-9fbf-877ed57f32e0 which can be used as unique global reference for Boulder Bear in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country RU

SHARK SPIDER

This group's activity was first observed in November 2013. It leverages a banking Trojan more commonly known as Shylock which aims to compromise online banking credentials and credentials related to Bitcoin wallets.

Internal MISP references

UUID 7dd7a8df-9012-4d14-977f-b3f9f71266b4 which can be used as unique global reference for SHARK SPIDER in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country RU
targeted-sector ['Bank']

UNION SPIDER

Adversary targeting manufacturing and industrial organizations.

Internal MISP references

UUID db774b7d-a0ee-4375-b24e-fd278f5ab2fd which can be used as unique global reference for UNION SPIDER in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country RU
targeted-sector ['Manufacturing', 'Industrial']

Silent Chollima

Andariel is a threat actor that primarily targets South Korean corporations and institutions. They are believed to collaborate with or operate as a subsidiary organization of the Lazarus threat group. WHOIS utilizes spear phishing attacks, watering hole attacks, and supply chain attacks for initial access. They have been known to exploit vulnerabilities and use malware such as Infostealer and TigerRAT.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Silent Chollima.

Known Synonyms
Andariel
GOP
Guardian of Peace
Onyx Sleet
OperationTroy
PLUTONIUM
Subgroup: Andariel
WHOis Team
Internal MISP references

UUID 245c8dde-ed42-4c49-b48b-634e3e21bdd7 which can be used as unique global reference for Silent Chollima in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country KP

Lazarus Group

Since 2009, HIDDEN COBRA actors have leveraged their capabilities to target and compromise a range of victims; some intrusions have resulted in the exfiltration of data while others have been disruptive in nature. Commercial reporting has referred to this activity as Lazarus Group and Guardians of Peace. Tools and capabilities used by HIDDEN COBRA actors include DDoS botnets, keyloggers, remote access tools (RATs), and wiper malware. Variants of malware and tools used by HIDDEN COBRA actors include Destover, Duuzer, and Hangman.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Lazarus Group.

Known Synonyms
APT 38
APT-C-26
APT38
ATK117
ATK3
Andariel
Appleworm
BeagleBoyz
Bluenoroff
Bureau 121
COPERNICIUM
COVELLITE
Citrine Sleet
DEV-0139
DEV-1222
Dark Seoul
Diamond Sleet
G0032
G0082
Group 77
Hastati Group
Hidden Cobra
Labyrinth Chollima
Lazarus group
NICKEL GLADSTONE
NewRomanic Cyber Army Team
Nickel Academy
Operation AppleJeus
Operation DarkSeoul
Operation GhostSecret
Operation Troy
Sapphire Sleet
Stardust Chollima
Subgroup: Bluenoroff
TA404
Unit 121
Whois Hacking Team
ZINC
Zinc
Internal MISP references

UUID 68391641-859f-4a9a-9a1e-3e5cf71ec376 which can be used as unique global reference for Lazarus Group in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Korea (Democratic People's Republic of)
cfr-suspected-victims ['South Korea', 'Bangladesh Bank', 'Sony Pictures Entertainment', 'United States', 'Thailand', 'France', 'China', 'Hong Kong', 'United Kingdom', 'Guatemala', 'Canada', 'Bangladesh', 'Japan', 'India', 'Germany', 'Brazil', 'Thailand', 'Australia', 'Cryptocurrency exchanges in South Korea']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Private sector']
cfr-type-of-incident ['Espionage', 'Sabotage']
country KP
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

VICEROY TIGER

VICEROY TIGER is an adversary with a nexus to India that has historically targeted entities throughout multiple sectors. Older activity targeted multiple sectors and countries; however, since 2015 this adversary appears to focus on entities in Pakistan with a particular focus on government and security organizations. This adversary consistently leverages spear phishing emails containing malicious Microsoft Office documents, malware designed to target the Android mobile platform, and phishing activity designed to harvest user credentials. In March 2017, the 360 Chasing Team found a sample of targeted attacks that confirmed the previously unknown sample of APT's attack actions, which the organization can now trace back at least in April 2016. The chasing team named the attack organization APT-C-35. In June 2017, the 360 Threat Intelligence Center discovered the organization’s new attack activity, confirmed and exposed the gang’s targeted attacks against Pakistan, and analyzed in detail. The unique EHDevel malicious code framework used by the organization.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular VICEROY TIGER.

Known Synonyms
APT-C-35
Donot Team
OPERATION HANGOVER
Orange Kala
SectorE02
Internal MISP references

UUID e2b87f81-a6a1-4524-b03f-193c3191d239 which can be used as unique global reference for VICEROY TIGER in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-victims ['Germany']
country IN
targeted-sector ['Government, Administration', 'Security Service']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

PIZZO SPIDER

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular PIZZO SPIDER.

Known Synonyms
Ambiorx
DD4BC
Internal MISP references

UUID dd9806a9-a600-48f8-81fb-07f0f1b7690d which can be used as unique global reference for PIZZO SPIDER in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country US

Corsair Jackal

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Corsair Jackal.

Known Synonyms
TunisianCyberArmy
Internal MISP references

UUID 59d63dd6-f46f-4334-ad15-30d2e1ee0623 which can be used as unique global reference for Corsair Jackal in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country TN

SNOWGLOBE

In 2014, researchers at Kaspersky Lab discovered and reported on three zero-days that were being used in cyberattacks in the wild. Two of these zero-day vulnerabilities are associated with an advanced threat actor we call Animal Farm. Over the past few years, Animal Farm has targeted a wide range of global organizations. The group has been active since at least 2009 and there are signs that earlier malware versions were developed as far back as 2007.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular SNOWGLOBE.

Known Synonyms
ATK8
Animal Farm
Snowglobe
Internal MISP references

UUID 3b8e7462-c83f-4e7d-9511-2fe430d80aab which can be used as unique global reference for SNOWGLOBE in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor France
cfr-suspected-victims ['Syria', 'United States', 'Netherlands', 'Russia', 'Spain', 'Iran', 'China', 'Germany', 'Algeria', 'Norway', 'Malaysia', 'Turkey', 'United Kingdom', 'Ivory Coast', 'Greece']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Private sector']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country FR

Deadeye Jackal

The Syrian Electronic Army (SEA) is a group of computer hackers which first surfaced online in 2011 to support the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. Using spamming, website defacement, malware, phishing, and denial of service attacks, it has targeted political opposition groups, western news organizations, human rights groups and websites that are seemingly neutral to the Syrian conflict. It has also hacked government websites in the Middle East and Europe, as well as US defense contractors. As of 2011 the SEA has been the first Arab country to have a public Internet Army hosted on its national networks to openly launch cyber attacks on its enemies. The precise nature of SEA's relationship with the Syrian government has changed over time and is unclear

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Deadeye Jackal.

Known Synonyms
SEA
SyrianElectronicArmy
Internal MISP references

UUID 4265d44e-8372-4ed0-b428-b331a5443d7d which can be used as unique global reference for Deadeye Jackal in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country SY
targeted-sector ['Country', 'Defense', 'Opposition', 'Political party', 'News - Media', 'Government, Administration']

Operation C-Major

Group targeting Indian Army or related assets in India, as well as activists and civil society in Pakistan. Attribution to a Pakistani connection has been made by TrendMicro and others.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Operation C-Major.

Known Synonyms
APT 36
APT36
C-Major
COPPER FIELDSTONE
Earth Karkaddan
Green Havildar
Mythic Leopard
ProjectM
TMP.Lapis
Transparent Tribe
Internal MISP references

UUID acbb5cad-ffe7-4b0e-a57a-2dbc916e8905 which can be used as unique global reference for Operation C-Major in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Pakistan
cfr-target-category ['Civil society', 'Military', 'Government']
country PK
targeted-sector ['Activists', 'Civil society', 'Military']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Stealth Falcon

This threat actor targets civil society groups and Emirati journalists, activists, and dissidents.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Stealth Falcon.

Known Synonyms
FruityArmor
G0038
Internal MISP references

UUID dab75e38-6969-4e78-9304-dc269c3cbcf0 which can be used as unique global reference for Stealth Falcon in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor United Arab Emirates
cfr-suspected-victims ['United Arab Emirates', 'United Kingdom']
cfr-target-category ['Civil society']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country AE
targeted-sector ['Activists', 'Dissidents', 'Journalist', 'Civil society']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

HummingBad

This group created a malware that takes over Android devices and generates $300,000 per month in fraudulent ad revenue. The group effectively controls an arsenal of over 85 million mobile devices around the world. With the potential to sell access to these devices to the highest bidder

Internal MISP references

UUID 12ab5c28-5f38-4a2f-bd40-40e9c500f4ac which can be used as unique global reference for HummingBad in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN

QUILTED TIGER

Dropping Elephant (also known as “Chinastrats” and “Patchwork“) is a relatively new threat actor that is targeting a variety of high profile diplomatic and economic targets using a custom set of attack tools. Its victims are all involved with China’s foreign relations in some way, and are generally caught through spear-phishing or watering hole attacks.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular QUILTED TIGER.

Known Synonyms
APT-C-09
ATK11
Chinastrats
Dropping Elephant
G0040
Monsoon
Orange Athos
Patchwork
Sarit
Thirsty Gemini
ZINC EMERSON
Internal MISP references

UUID 18d473a5-831b-47a5-97a1-a32156299825 which can be used as unique global reference for QUILTED TIGER in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor India
cfr-suspected-victims ['Bangladesh', 'Sri Lanka', 'Pakistan']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector', 'Military']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country IN
targeted-sector ['Finance', 'Diplomacy']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Scarlet Mimic

Scarlet Mimic is a threat group that has targeted minority rights activists. This group has not been directly linked to a government source, but the group’s motivations appear to overlap with those of the Chinese government. While there is some overlap between IP addresses used by Scarlet Mimic and Putter Panda, APT 2, it has not been concluded that the groups are the same. The attacks began over four years ago and their targeting pattern suggests that this adversary’s primary mission is to gather information about minority rights activists. We do not have evidence directly linking these attacks to a government source, but the information derived from these activities supports an assessment that a group or groups with motivations similar to the stated position of the Chinese government in relation to these targets is involved. The attacks we attribute to Scarlet Mimic have primarily targeted Uyghur and Tibetan activists as well as those who are interested in their causes. Both the Tibetan community and the Uyghurs, a Turkic Muslim minority residing primarily in northwest China, have been targets of multiple sophisticated attacks in the past decade. Both also have history of strained relationships with the government of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), though we do not have evidence that links Scarlet Mimic attacks to the PRC. Scarlet Mimic attacks have also been identified against government organizations in Russia and India, who are responsible for tracking activist and terrorist activities. While we do not know the precise target of each of the Scarlet Mimic attacks, many of them align to the patterns described above.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Scarlet Mimic.

Known Synonyms
G0029
Golfing Taurus
Internal MISP references

UUID 0da10682-85c6-4c0b-bace-ba1f7adfb63e which can be used as unique global reference for Scarlet Mimic in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN
targeted-sector ['Activists']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Poseidon Group

Poseidon Group is a Portuguese-speaking threat group that has been active since at least 2005. The group has a history of using information exfiltrated from victims to blackmail victim companies into contracting the Poseidon Group as a security firm.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Poseidon Group.

Known Synonyms
G0033
Internal MISP references

UUID 5fc09923-fcff-4e81-9cae-4518ef31cf4d which can be used as unique global reference for Poseidon Group in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country BR
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

DragonOK

Threat group that has targeted Japanese organizations with phishing emails. Due to overlapping TTPs, including similar custom tools, DragonOK is thought to have a direct or indirect relationship with the threat group Moafee. 2223 It is known to use a variety of malware, including Sysget/HelloBridge, PlugX, PoisonIvy, FormerFirstRat, NFlog, and NewCT.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular DragonOK.

Known Synonyms
BRONZE OVERBROOK
G0002
G0017
Moafee
Shallow Taurus
Internal MISP references

UUID a9b44750-992c-4743-8922-129880d277ea which can be used as unique global reference for DragonOK in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor China
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States']
cfr-target-category ['Private sector']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country CN
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

ProjectSauron

ProjectSauron is the name for a top level modular cyber-espionage platform, designed to enable and manage long-term campaigns through stealthy survival mechanisms coupled with multiple exfiltration methods. Technical details show how attackers learned from other extremely advanced actors in order to avoid repeating their mistakes. As such, all artifacts are customized per given target, reducing their value as indicators of compromise for any other victim. Usually APT campaigns have a geographical nexus, aimed at extracting information within a specific region or from a given industry. That usually results in several infections in countries within that region, or in the targeted industry around the world. Interestingly, ProjectSauron seems to be dedicated to just a couple of countries, focused on collecting high value intelligence by compromising almost all key entities it could possibly reach within the target area. The name, ProjectSauron reflects the fact that the code authors refer to ‘Sauron’ in the Lua scripts.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular ProjectSauron.

Known Synonyms
G0041
Project Sauron
Sauron
Strider
Internal MISP references

UUID f3179cfb-9c86-4980-bd6b-e4fa74adaaa7 which can be used as unique global reference for ProjectSauron in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor United States
cfr-suspected-victims ['Russia', 'Iran', 'Belgium', 'China', 'Sweden', 'Rwanda']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Military']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country US
targeted-sector ['Intelligence']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

TA530

TA530, who we previously examined in relation to large-scale personalized phishing campaigns

Internal MISP references

UUID 4b79d1f6-8333-44b6-ac32-d1ea7e47e77f which can be used as unique global reference for TA530 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN

GCMAN

GCMAN is a threat group that focuses on targeting banks for the purpose of transferring money to e-currency services.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular GCMAN.

Known Synonyms
G0036
Internal MISP references

UUID d93889de-b4bc-4a29-9ce7-d67717c140a0 which can be used as unique global reference for GCMAN in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country RU
targeted-sector ['Bank']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

APT22

Suckfly is a China-based threat group that has been active since at least 2014

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular APT22.

Known Synonyms
BRONZE OLIVE
G0039
Group 46
Suckfly
Internal MISP references

UUID 5abb12e7-5066-4f84-a109-49a037205c76 which can be used as unique global reference for APT22 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

FIN6

FIN is a group targeting financial assets including assets able to do financial transaction including PoS.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular FIN6.

Known Synonyms
ATK88
Camouflage Tempest
G0037
GOLD FRANKLIN
ITG08
MageCart Group 6
SKELETON SPIDER
White Giant
Internal MISP references

UUID 647894f6-1723-4cba-aba4-0ef0966d5302 which can be used as unique global reference for FIN6 in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Libyan Scorpions

Libyan Scorpions is a malware operation in use since September 2015 and operated by a politically motivated group whose main objective is intelligence gathering, spying on influentials and political figures and operate an espionage campaign within Libya.

Internal MISP references

UUID 815cbe98-e157-4078-9caa-c5a25dd64731 which can be used as unique global reference for Libyan Scorpions in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country LY
targeted-sector ['Intelligence']

TeamXRat

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular TeamXRat.

Known Synonyms
CorporacaoXRat
CorporationXRat
Internal MISP references

UUID 43ec65d1-a334-4c44-9a44-0fd21f27249d which can be used as unique global reference for TeamXRat in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value

OilRig

OilRig is an Iranian threat group operating primarily in the Middle East by targeting organizations in this region that are in a variety of different industries; however, this group has occasionally targeted organizations outside of the Middle East as well. It also appears OilRig carries out supply chain attacks, where the threat group leverages the trust relationship between organizations to attack their primary targets.

OilRig is an active and organized threat group, which is evident based on their systematic targeting of specific organizations that appear to be carefully chosen for strategic purposes. Attacks attributed to this group primarily rely on social engineering to exploit the human rather than software vulnerabilities; however, on occasion this group has used recently patched vulnerabilities in the delivery phase of their attacks. The lack of software vulnerability exploitation does not necessarily suggest a lack of sophistication, as OilRig has shown maturity in other aspects of their operations. Such maturities involve:

-Organized evasion testing used the during development of their tools. -Use of custom DNS Tunneling protocols for command and control (C2) and data exfiltration. -Custom web-shells and backdoors used to persistently access servers.

OilRig relies on stolen account credentials for lateral movement. After OilRig gains access to a system, they use credential dumping tools, such as Mimikatz, to steal credentials to accounts logged into the compromised system. The group uses these credentials to access and to move laterally to other systems on the network. After obtaining credentials from a system, operators in this group prefer to use tools other than their backdoors to access the compromised systems, such as remote desktop and putty. OilRig also uses phishing sites to harvest credentials to individuals at targeted organizations to gain access to internet accessible resources, such as Outlook Web Access.

Since at least 2014, an Iranian threat group tracked by FireEye as APT34 has conducted reconnaissance aligned with the strategic interests of Iran. The group conducts operations primarily in the Middle East, targeting financial, government, energy, chemical, telecommunications and other industries. Repeated targeting of Middle Eastern financial, energy and government organizations leads FireEye to assess that those sectors are a primary concern of APT34. The use of infrastructure tied to Iranian operations, timing and alignment with the national interests of Iran also lead FireEye to assess that APT34 acts on behalf of the Iranian government.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular OilRig.

Known Synonyms
APT 34
APT34
ATK40
Cobalt Gypsy
Crambus
EUROPIUM
Evasive Serpens
G0049
Hazel Sandstorm
Helix Kitten
IRN2
TA452
Twisted Kitten
Internal MISP references

UUID 42be2a84-5a5c-4c6d-9864-3f09d75bb0ba which can be used as unique global reference for OilRig in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Iran (Islamic Republic of)
cfr-suspected-victims ['Israel', 'Kuwait', 'United States', 'Turkey', 'Saudi Arabia', 'Qatar', 'Lebanon', 'Middle East']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Private sector', 'Civil society']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country IR
targeted-sector ['Chemical', 'Energy', 'Engineering', 'Finance', 'Government, Administration', 'Telecoms', 'Other']
Related clusters

To see the related clusters, click here.

Volatile Cedar

Beginning in late 2012, a carefully orchestrated attack campaign we call Volatile Cedar has been targeting individuals, companies and institutions worldwide. This campaign, led by a persistent attacker group, has successfully penetrated a large number of targets using various attack techniques, and specifically, a custom-made malware implant codenamed Explosive.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Volatile Cedar.

Known Synonyms
DeftTorero
Lebanese Cedar
Internal MISP references

UUID cf421ce6-ddfe-419a-bc65-6a9fc953232a which can be used as unique global reference for Volatile Cedar in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
country LB
suspected-victims ['Middle East', 'Israel', 'Lebanon', 'Saudi Arabia']
Related clusters

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Dancing Salome

Dancing Salome is the Kaspersky codename for an APT actor with a primary focus on ministries of foreign affairs, think tanks, and Ukraine. What makes Dancing Salome interesting and relevant is the attacker’s penchant for leveraging HackingTeam RCS implants compiled after the public breach.

Internal MISP references

UUID 3d5192f2-f235-46fd-aa68-dd00cc17d632 which can be used as unique global reference for Dancing Salome in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
suspected-victims ['Ukraine']
targeted-sector ['Think Tanks', 'Government, Administration']

TERBIUM

Microsoft Threat Intelligence identified similarities between this recent attack and previous 2012 attacks against tens of thousands of computers belonging to organizations in the energy sector. Microsoft Threat Intelligence refers to the activity group behind these attacks as TERBIUM, following our internal practice of assigning rogue actors chemical element names.

Internal MISP references

UUID 46670c51-fea4-45d6-bdd4-62e85a5c7404 which can be used as unique global reference for TERBIUM in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
targeted-sector ['Energy']
Related clusters

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Molerats

In October 2012, malware attacks against Israeli government targets grabbed media attention as officials temporarily cut off Internet access for its entire police force and banned the use of USB memory sticks. Security researchers subsequently linked these attacks to a broader, yearlong campaign that targeted not just Israelis but Palestinians as well. and as discovered later, even the U.S. and UK governments. Further research revealed a connection between these attacks and members of the so-called “Gaza Hackers Team.” We refer to this campaign as “Molerats.”

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Molerats.

Known Synonyms
ALUMINUM SARATOGA
BLACKSTEM
Extreme Jackal
G0021
Gaza Cybergang
Gaza Hackers Team
Gaza cybergang
Moonlight
Operation Molerats
Internal MISP references

UUID f7c2e501-73b1-400f-a5d9-2e2e07b7dfde which can be used as unique global reference for Molerats in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Palestine
cfr-suspected-victims ['United States', 'Israel', 'Palestine', 'Middle East', 'Europe']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Defense', 'Energy', 'Finance', 'Healthcare', 'Pharmaceuticals', 'Education', 'Media', 'NGOs', 'Civil Society', 'Legal', 'Military']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country PS
Related clusters

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PROMETHIUM

PROMETHIUM is an activity group that has been active as early as 2012. The group primarily uses Truvasys, a first-stage malware that has been in circulation for several years. Truvasys has been involved in several attack campaigns, where it has masqueraded as one of server common computer utilities, including WinUtils, TrueCrypt, WinRAR, or SanDisk. In each of the campaigns, Truvasys malware evolved with additional features—this shows a close relationship between the activity groups behind the campaigns and the developers of the malware.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular PROMETHIUM.

Known Synonyms
G0056
StrongPity
Internal MISP references

UUID 43894e2a-174e-4931-94a8-2296afe8f650 which can be used as unique global reference for PROMETHIUM in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country TR
Related clusters

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NEODYMIUM

NEODYMIUM is an activity group that is known to use a backdoor malware detected by Microsoft as Wingbird. This backdoor’s characteristics closely match FinFisher, a government-grade commercial surveillance package. Data about Wingbird activity indicate that it is typically used to attack individual computers instead of networks.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular NEODYMIUM.

Known Synonyms
G0055
Internal MISP references

UUID ada08ea8-4517-4eea-aff1-3ad69e5466bb which can be used as unique global reference for NEODYMIUM in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
Related clusters

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Packrat

A threat group that has been active for at least seven years has used malware, phishing and disinformation tactics to target activists, journalists, politicians and public figures in various Latin American countries. The threat actor, dubbed Packrat based on its preference for remote access Trojans (RATs) and because it has used the same infrastructure for several years, has been analyzed by Citizen Lab researchers John Scott-Railton, Morgan Marquis-Boire, and Claudio Guarnieri, and Cyphort researcher Marion Marschalek, best known for her extensive analysis of state-sponsored threats.

Internal MISP references

UUID fe344665-d153-4d31-a32a-1509efde1ca7 which can be used as unique global reference for Packrat in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
targeted-sector ['Activists', 'Journalist', 'Political party']

Cadelle

Symantec telemetry identified Cadelle and Chafer activity dating from as far back as July 2014, however, it’s likely that activity began well before this date. Command-and-control (C&C) registrant information points to activity possibly as early as 2011, while executable compilation times suggest early 2012. Their attacks continue to the present day. Symantec estimates that each team is made up of between 5 and 10 people.

Internal MISP references

UUID 03f13462-003c-4296-8784-bccea16710a9 which can be used as unique global reference for Cadelle in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country IR

PassCV

The PassCV group continues to be one of the most successful and active threat groups that leverage a wide array of stolen Authenticode-signing certificates. Snorre Fagerland of Blue Coat Systems first coined the term PassCV in a blog post. His post provides a good introduction to the group and covers some of the older infrastructure, stolen code-signing certificate reuse, and other connections associated with the PassCV malware. There are several clues alluding to the possibility that multiple groups may be utilizing the same stolen signing certificates, but at this time SPEAR believes the current attacks are more likely being perpetrated by a single group employing multiple publicly available Remote Administration Tools (RATs). The PassCV group has been operating with continued success and has already started to expand their malware repertoire into different off-the-shelf RATs and custom code. SPEAR identified eighteen previously undisclosed stolen Authenticode certificates. These certificates were originally issued to companies and individuals scattered across China, Taiwan, Korea, Europe, the United States and Russia. In this post we expand the usage of the term ‘PassCV’ to encompass the malware mentioned in the Blue Coat Systems report, as well as the APT group behind the larger C2 infrastructure and stolen Authenticode certificates. We’d like to share some of our findings as they pertain to the stolen certificates, command and control infrastructure, and some of the newer custom RATs they’ve begun development on.

Internal MISP references

UUID ceae0bc4-eb5f-4184-b949-a6f7d6f0f965 which can be used as unique global reference for PassCV in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country CN

Sath-ı Müdafaa

A Turkish hacking group, Sath-ı Müdafaa, is encouraging individuals to join its DDoS-for-Points platform that features points and prizes for carrying out distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks against a list of predetermined targets. Their DDoS tool also contains a backdoor to hack the hackers. So the overarching motivation and allegiance of the group is not entirely clear.

Internal MISP references

UUID a03e2b4b-617f-4d28-ac4b-9943f792aa22 which can be used as unique global reference for Sath-ı Müdafaa in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country TR
motive Hacktivists-Nationalists

Aslan Neferler Tim

Turkish nationalist hacktivist group that has been active for roughly one year. According to Domaintools, the group’s site has been registered since December 2015, with an active Twitter account since January 2016. The group carries out distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks and defacements against the sites of news organizations and governments perceived to be critical of Turkey’s policies or leadership, and purports to act in defense of Islam

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Aslan Neferler Tim.

Known Synonyms
Lion Soldiers Team
Phantom Turk
Internal MISP references

UUID 23410d3f-c359-422d-9a4e-45f8fdf0c84a which can be used as unique global reference for Aslan Neferler Tim in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country TR
motive Hacktivists-Nationalists
targeted-sector ['Government, Administration', 'News - Media']

Ayyıldız Tim

Ayyıldız (Crescent and Star) Tim is a nationalist hacking group founded in 2002. It performs defacements and DDoS attacks against the websites of governments that it considers to be repressing Muslim minorities or engaged in Islamophobic policies.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Ayyıldız Tim.

Known Synonyms
Crescent and Star
Internal MISP references

UUID ab1771de-25bb-4688-b132-eabb5d6452a1 which can be used as unique global reference for Ayyıldız Tim in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country TR
motive Hacktivists-Nationalists
targeted-sector ['Government, Administration']

TurkHackTeam

Founded in 2004, Turkhackteam is one of Turkey’s oldest and most high-profile hacking collectives. According to a list compiled on Turkhackteam’s forum, the group has carried out almost 30 highly publicized hacking campaigns targeting foreign government and commercial websites, including websites of international corporations.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular TurkHackTeam.

Known Synonyms
Turk Hack Team
Internal MISP references

UUID 7ae74dc6-ded3-4873-a803-abb4160d10c0 which can be used as unique global reference for TurkHackTeam in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country TR
motive Hacktivists-Nationalists

Equation Group

The Equation Group is a highly sophisticated threat actor described by its discoverers at Kaspersky Labs as one of the most sophisticated cyber attack groups in the world, operating alongside but always from a position of superiority with the creators of Stuxnet and Flame

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Equation Group.

Known Synonyms
EQGRP
G0020
Tilded Team
Internal MISP references

UUID 7036fb3d-86b7-4d9c-bc66-1e1ead8b7840 which can be used as unique global reference for Equation Group in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor United States
cfr-suspected-victims ['Iran', 'Afghanistan', 'Syria', 'Yemen', 'Kenya', 'Russia', 'India', 'Mali', 'Algeria', 'United Kingdom', 'Pakistan', 'China', 'Lebanon', 'United Arab Emirates', 'Libya']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Military']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country US
Related clusters

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Greenbug

Greenbug was discovered targeting a range of organizations in the Middle East including companies in the aviation, energy, government, investment, and education sectors.

Internal MISP references

UUID 47204403-34c9-4d25-a006-296a0939d1a2 which can be used as unique global reference for Greenbug in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country IR
targeted-sector ['Education', 'Energy', 'Investment', 'Aerospace', 'Government, Administration']
Related clusters

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Gamaredon Group

Unit 42 threat researchers have recently observed a threat group distributing new, custom developed malware. We have labelled this threat group the Gamaredon Group and our research shows that the Gamaredon Group has been active since at least 2013. In the past, the Gamaredon Group has relied heavily on off-the-shelf tools. Our new research shows the Gamaredon Group have made a shift to custom-developed malware. We believe this shift indicates the Gamaredon Group have improved their technical capabilities.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Gamaredon Group.

Known Synonyms
ACTINIUM
Actinium
Aqua Blizzard
Blue Otso
BlueAlpha
DEV-0157
G0047
IRON TILDEN
PRIMITIVE BEAR
Shuckworm
Trident Ursa
UAC-0010
Winterflounder
Internal MISP references

UUID 1a77e156-76bc-43f5-bdd7-bd67f30fbbbb which can be used as unique global reference for Gamaredon Group in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
cfr-suspected-victims ['Ukraine', 'Germany']
cfr-target-category ['Government']
Related clusters

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Infy

Infy is a group of suspected Iranian origin. Since early 2013, we have observed activity from a unique threat actor group, which we began to investigate based on increased activities against human right activists in the beginning of 2015. In line5with other research on the campaign, released prior to publication of this document, we have adopted the name “Infy”, which is based on labels used in the infrastructure and its two families of malware agents. Thanks to information we have been able to collect during the course of our research, such as characteristics of the group’s malware and development cycle, our research strongly supports the claim that the Infy group is of Iranian origin and potentially connected to the Iranian state. Amongst a backdrop of other incidents, Infy became one of the most frequently observed agents for attempted malware attacks against Iranian civil society beginning in late 2014, growing in use up to the February 2016 parliamentary election in Iran. After the conclusion of the parliamentary election, the rate of attempted intrusions and new compromises through the Infy agent slowed, but did not end. The trends witnessed in reports from recipients are reinforced through telemetry provided by design failures in more recent versions of the Infy malware.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Infy.

Known Synonyms
Foudre
Operation Mermaid
Prince of Persia
Internal MISP references

UUID 1671be1b-c844-48f5-84c8-54ac4fe4d71e which can be used as unique global reference for Infy in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Iran (Islamic Republic of)
cfr-suspected-victims ['Israel', 'Iran', 'France', 'China', 'Sweden', 'United States', 'United Kingdom', 'Germany', 'Syria', 'Italy', 'Denmark', 'Canada', 'Russia', 'Saudi Arabia', 'Bahrain']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Private sector']
cfr-type-of-incident Espionage
country IR
targeted-sector ['Activists', 'Civil society']

Sima

Sima is a group of suspected Iranian origin targeting Iranians in diaspora. In February 2016, Iran-focused individuals received messages purporting to be from Human RightsWatch's (HRW) Emergencies Director, requesting that they read an article about Iran pressing Afghanr efugees to fight in Syria. While referencing a real report published by HRW, the links provided for the Director’s biography and article directed the recipient to malware hosted elsewhere. These spear-phishing attempts represent an evolution of Iranian actors based on their social engineering tactics and narrow targeting. Although the messages still had minor grammatical and stylistic errors that would be obvious to a native speaker, the actors demonstrated stronger English-language proficiency than past intrusion sets and a deeper investment in background research prior to the attempt. The actors appropriated a real identity that would be expected to professionally interact with the subject, then offered validation through links to their biography and social media, the former of which itself was malware as well. The bait documents contained a real article relevant to their interests and topic referenced, and the message attempted to address to how it aligned with their professional research or field of employment. The referenced documents sent were malware binaries posing as legitimate files using the common right-to-left filenames tactic in order to conceal the actual file extension. All of these techniques, while common pretexting mechanisms, are a refinement compared to a tendency amongst other groups to simply continually send different forms of generic malware or phishing, in the hopes that one would eventually be successful.

Internal MISP references

UUID 80f9184d-1df3-4ad0-a452-cdb90fe57216 which can be used as unique global reference for Sima in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
country IR

Blue Termite

Blue Termite is a group of suspected Chinese origin active in Japan.

Synonyms

"synonyms" in the meta part typically refer to alternate names or labels that are associated with a particular Blue Termite.

Known Synonyms
Cloudy Omega
Emdivi
Internal MISP references

UUID a250af72-f66c-4d02-9f36-ab764ce9fe85 which can be used as unique global reference for Blue Termite in MISP communities and other software using the MISP galaxy

External references
Associated metadata
Metadata key Value
attribution-confidence 50
cfr-suspected-state-sponsor Unknown
cfr-suspected-victims ['Japan']
cfr-target-category ['Government', 'Private sector']
cfr-type-of-incident